International disasters, such as the earthquake in Haiti or the flood in Pakistan, require the timely transport of relief supplies to the affected regions. Transport capacities are often chartered on the private market for this purpose. This solution has the disadvantage that aid organisations are confronted with waiting times or excessive prices due to increased demand. In addition, a one-stop order directly to the disaster regions is not possible in most cases, as standard transport aircraft cannot land in the vicinity of a destroyed airport infrastructure – in other words, the goods have to be transported from a more distant sales location by air or land. Due to the loss of time, the loss of supply of goods and services essential for survival must be accepted.
From 2010 to 2011, this project investigated how suitable air transport capacities can be provided specifically for disaster situations. The focus was on a provisioning option that would mean the least possible intervention in the airfreight market, but at the same time a qualitative gain in comparison to the status quo.
Mueller, Maximilian (2010): Die Bereitstellung von Lufttransportkapazitäten im Katastrophenfall, BIGS Standpunkt zivile Sicherheit Nr. 1, Potsdam: Brandenburgisches Institut für Gesellschaft und Sicherheit.*
*Publication is in German